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## Short Vowel Tricks

### ck or k?

Look at these words:

clock, cloak, desk, stick, pink.

They all have a "k" sound at the end, but some are spelled with a k and some with ck. How do you know which one to use when?

It is simple.

• Listen to the word and decide if the vowel sound before the k is short or not.
• If it is not short you only need the k, you don't need ck.
• If it is a short vowel sound say the word really slowly and carefully. Does the k sound come straight after the vowel sound, or is there another sound in between?
• If there is another sound in between, you only need the k (desk, pink).
• If the k sound comes directly after the vowel sound then you need ck (stick, clock).

Easy, isn't it?

### ch or tch?

The rule is exactly the same for ch and tch. Listen to the word. If the ch sound comes directly after a short vowel sound, you need the t. If it comes after a different sound, you don't need the t.

Examples:

each, teach, stitch, scratch, pitch

### dge or ge?

Guess what? The rule is the same again. If the ge sound comes directly after a short vowel sound, you need that d. Otherwise just put ge.

Examples:

orange, edge, judge, strange

Next lesson we will look at different ways of making the long vowel sound, and how to remember them.