Japan modernized japanese school uniform under its modernization program. The western style school uniform was introduced in Japan in the later 19th century.
Today Japanese school uniforms are almost universal in the public and private school systems and in some women's colleges.
In many elementary schools in Japan, the tiny tots are not required to wear school uniforms, but some do require. Japanese school uniform for elementary school boy students includes white shirts, shorts, and caps, and Japanese school girl uniform include gray pleated skirt and white blouse.
Japanese school uniform codes require the boys and girls wear brightly colored caps to prevent traffic accidents.
Traditional Japanese school uniform for junior and senior high schools consists of a military style uniform (gakuran) for boys and a sailor dress (sailor fuku) for girls.
These traditional Japanese school uniforms are based on Meiji era formal military dress. These uniforms are still in use, but most of the Japanese schools have adopted more western pattern parochial school uniform styles.
The western style Japanese school uniform for boys consists of a white shirt, necktie, blazer with school crest and dress trousers (often not of the same color as the blazer), and western style japanese school girl uniform consists of a white blouse, necktie, blazer with school crest and tartan skirt.
All Japanese schools have summer version of the uniform that usually consisting of just a white dress shirt and the uniform slacks for boys and a reduced weight traditional uniform or blouse and tartan skirt with tie for girls.
Additionally, some Japanese schools have sports activity uniform that includes a polyester track suit for year round use and a t-shirt and shorts for summer activities. Some Japanese schools have rules regarding hairstyles, footwear, and bookbags under japanese school uniform codes.